Carbon dioxide also known as CO2 is arguably the most well-known type of gas in the world. Not a big surprise if you see the worldwide attention for global warming and know that human existence depends on this natural gas in our atmosphere. But Carbon Dioxide is also an often used type of calibration gas. In this month’s blog, our specialist will bring you up to speed on the 3 most important things to know about carbon dioxide calibration gas.
1: What is Carbon Dioxide calibration gas?
Carbon dioxide with the chemical formula CO2 is an odour- and colourless gas with a density of about 60% higher than that of dry air. CO2 is the gross formula of an inorganic connection between oxygen and carbon. Although Carbon Dioxide mostly comes in a gas formation, it also has a liquid and a solid form. It can only be liquid if the temperature is below -78 Celsius degrees. Liquid Carbon Dioxide mainly occurs when Carbon Dioxide is dissolved in water. CO2 is the source of all life on earth.
2: How does Carbon Dioxide arise?
Occur in nature and emissions from humans Carbon Dioxide arises at various natural processes like:
- Savanna and forest fires
- Emissions because of volcanoes
- Digestion processes in the rainforest
- CO2 exchange of oceans and seas
CO2 is also in nature produced by aerobic organisms. Every living creature produces CO2 when breathing.
Besides that, it is also produced during the burning of carbon and carbonaceous substances such as fossil fuels. Fossil fuels mostly are coal, oil and gas
3: How to store Carbon Dioxide calibration gas?
Sudden exposure from people to Carbon Dioxide calibration gas can be hazardous. CO2 is not so friendly like most people think it is. That is why it is essential to store the gas properly. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is catching and storage the Carbon Dioxide calibration gas that comes free from burning fossil fuels. CCS is a way to use almost all fossil fuels climate natural. If CO2 capture takes place, then the CO2 that arises in the fabric or the power plant will be captured. The CO2 then mostly go by ship or pipeline to the storage location. The storage locations are laying more dan 1.000 meters under land or sea bottom. The government checks capture, transport and storage.